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Local History - Great Malvern Cemetery

Some of the graves (page 2)

Here are some more memorials recorded during the guided tour of Great Malvern cemetery organised by Malvern Civic Society in July 2014, and after. Below this we have added some notes about Commonwealth War Grave burials. Read on, else click to continue to page 3.

Guided walk 2014Neville Bellamy

Victor William Price

Harry Arbuthnot Acworth

Charles Robert Sutton

Charles Paul Ernest Giraudeau

Anthony Francis Bower Brodribb

Sidney Charles Smith

The MacDonald family

The Downes family

Other Great War graves

Alan Charles Lorraine Bate

Thomas Bowley

William Carveth

Robert Edwards

Francis Joseph Harison

Henry Ernest Hetherington

Edward Llewellyn

K Williams

Other Second World War Graves

Edwin John Sparks

Cumming Beynon Evans

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Neville Bellamy

Photo of memorialNot far from the Wilton Road entrance to the cemetery are touching memorials to two boys, Laurence Henry Holland who died in 1916 aged 14 years, and Neville Bellamy.

The memorial to Neville Bellamy shown opposite reads:

Neville, the dearly loved little son of Victor and Dorrie Bellamy called away 5th March 1923 in his 6th year.

Neville was the only son of Albert Victor Bellamy and Malvern girl Dorothy Beatrice Price. Neville was survived by a sister, Marian.

Victor William Price

InscriptionBelow the inscription to Neville Bellamy is a second inscription in memory of his uncle who was killed in a flying accident. The second inscription reads:

and his uncle

Victor W Price RAF, killed while serving 8th Nov 1917

Jesus was out plucking flowers, on the way he gathered ours

Lieutenant Victor William Price, 14th Bn Worcester Regiment, attached to 73 Squadron Royal Flying Corps, a passenger under instruction, was killed when his Avro 504 biplane, serial number B3179, went into a spinning nose-dive from 200 ft and crashed at Lilbourne near Rugby on 8th November 1917 (refs 8 and 9). An RAF casualty card records that he had already made 12 solo flights and had spent 19 hours in  the air, 6 solo.

Avro crash

Wreckage - source: G Smith

The Commonwealth War Graves Commision records that Victor was buried at Great Malvern cemetery in plot 8a, grave 148, and that this was a private grave which first had a Military Wooden memorial.

The other occupant of the aircraft, instructor, 2nd Lt Norman Eustace Sassoon Croager, Royal Flying Corps, died the same day from his injuries. An account of his life can be found in reference 10. He had been studying at Kelham Theological College when war was declared.

Victor was aged 23 years when he died. He was educated at the Lyttelton Grammar School, Great Malvern, the only son of builder William Thomas and Beatrice Price of West Malvern.

More information about Lt Victor William Price can be found on the Malvern Remembers website.


Harry Arbuthnot Acworth

A cross upon a small pedestal marks the grave of a man who retired to Great Malvern after a distinguished career in the Indian Civil Service.

Acworth headstone

The inscription reads:

Harry Arbuthnot Acworth CIE

Born March 8th 1849

Died May 19th 1933

'My peace I give unto you'

Anna Mary Godby Acworth

wife of above

Born December 6th 1860

Died July 20th 1938

'The Lord is my shepherd'

The 1911 census records that Harry was born in Nice, Italy, and that he was a retired Indian Civil Service pensioner. His wife was born in Lahore, India. The Times reported that after two years of study he had passed his final examination for the Civil Service of India in 1870.

The London Gazette records he was made a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire in 1895.

A 1902 Directory lists him as a Fellow of the University of Bombay, JP, Great Malvern. Later Directories record him living at the Walmer Lodge in Abbey Road, The Mythe on the corner of College Road, and latterly at The Palms in Orchard Road.

In retirement, he was a friend of the composer Edward Elgar and worked with him on the Libretto for the cantata Caractacas; he also published books of Indian poetry and was active in town affairs.

The publication 'Malvern in the Great War 1914' records that:

Newspapers reported on a stirring lecture given by Mr A H Acworth in August 1914. Such a talk was necessary as most people were quite unaware of the causes of the war. He gave the historical explanations for the tensions between the European empires, in particular where they boiled over in the Balkans. Prussia as he still called it had 'throughout history proved herself to be of all States the most voracious, and of all States the least to be trusted. Greed and falsehood are writ large upon her action for many a hundred years past. I use these epithets with regret and with no thought of mere abuse'.

The death of Harry Arbuthnot Acworth was reported in the Times (London, England) on May 30th 1933. The transcription of his obituary reads:

MR H A ACWORTH

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE IN INDIA

Mr Harry Arbuthnot Acworth, who died at Malvern on May 19th 1933 at the age of 84, had been a distinguished member of the Indian Civil Service in the later years of the last century.

The son of Nathan Brindley Acworth (himself of the East India Company) by a daughter of the well known Evangelical divine Rev Francis Close of Cheltenham, Dean of Carlisle, and a first cousin of Sir W M Acworth, he was educated at Brighton College and Worcester College, Oxford, and after being called to the bar in 1870, passed in the same year into the Indican Civil Service, being appointed to the Bombay Presidency, where his services in the great famine of 1876-1878 received the thanks of the Government of India. He was made, by Sir Richard Temple in 1879, Under Secretary in the Finance and Revenue Departments, and, after filling other posts was appointed in 1890 to the Municipal Commissionership of Bombay, which Lord Dufferin is said to have described as the most difficult appointment in India. During his tenure of this office he took a leading part in the suppression of the Hundu-Mohammedan riots of 1892, and on his retirement in 1895 was created a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE).

His achievement, however, was the foundation of the Leper Asylum at Masunga, which still bears his name, on lines, subsequently followed by other Indian Governments, but first adopted by him, of compulsory restraint. A paper on 'Leprosy in India' read by him to the Imperial Institute in 1898 was characterized by an eminent authority, Dr Armauer-Hansen, as the ablest statement of the case which he had ever heard from a non-medical man. Acworth was also much interested in Maratha ballads. After his retirement he settled in Malvern and took for many years an active part in local Conservative politics and in the affairs of Malvern generally, especially in those concerned with education. He married in 1880, Anna, daughter of Colonel C V Jenkins; she with two daughters survives him. Of his two sons, the younger fell in France in 1917 and the other, who was in the Indian Army, died in the great epidemic of influenza which followed upon the end of the Great War.

Acworth was a man of singularly striking appearance and of strong opinions forcibly expressed. He was greatly interested in theology, and his zealous support of religious work in his neighbourhood was not limited to that of the Church of Englan, of which however he was a very loyal member; and his deep religious convictions enabled him to support the loss of his beloved sons and the long illness of his wife with admirable patience and courage.

Harry and Anna's eldest daughter Edith Mary Acworth, born Bombay India, married Cecil Acworth, and she died at Tunbridge Wells in 1949. Their youngest daughter Rosamund Alys Acworth, born Bombay India, married Robert F W Conquest, and she too lived to a good age.

Harry and Anna's sons Douglas Harry Acworth and John Arden Acworth are recorded on the rolls of the fallen at Great Malvern library and in The Priory and they are also remembered at Winchester College.


Charles Robert Sutton

HHeadstone, Charles Suttonis inscription reads:

2200 Driver

C Sutton

Royal Field Artillery

21st October 1914

The CWGC do not give his age or name his parents, but we think Charles was born Malvern, the son of Edward and Emily Sutton of Lower Wyche. His father Edward was a butcher.

Charles was a member of 2nd South Midlands (249) Brigade Royal Field Artillery TA when he fell ill on the Isle of Wight and died in hospital.

We think he was aged only 17 years.

Charles was survived by his elder brothers Ernest James, who joined the Army Service Corps, James Robert, a butcher like his father, and two sisters.



Charles Paul Ernest Giraudeau

A tall monument containing the outline of a missing sword, above a laurel wreath, marks the resting place of a young French soldier of the Great War.

Headstone, Paul Giraudeau

The inscription reads:

A la memoire bien aimee

De mon fils

Charles Giraudeau

1898 - 1919

Charles was born at Bernay in France on 21st December 1898 and he died at Malvern on 29th March 1919 aged 20 years.

He was a French soldier of the159th Regiment, Alpine Infantry, who had been evacuated to Malvern for convalescence suffering from gas poisoning. He was probably accommodated at a small Red Cross auxiliary hospital, subordinate to a larger military hospital in Birmingham.

Malvern Urban District Council had made the old Malvern Hospital, off Newtown Road, available to the Red Cross, and beds were also made available at the then new Community hospital at Lansdowne Crescent. Rhydd Court, home of Sir Edmund Lechmere, and Brand Lodge, on Jubilee Drive in Colwall, were also converted to convalescent hospitals (ref 4) as was Ashfield on the junction of Abbey Road and College Road.

Charles was the only son of Madame Giraudeau who was then a member of staff at Clarendon School for Girls in Cowleigh Road, North Malvern. His grave is not listed by the CWGC because although France was an ally, only the casualties of Commonwealth soldiers are recorded. Can you tell us more about either him, his sister, or his mother?

Charles obituary appeared in the Malvern Gazette on Friday April 11th 1919. It reads:

Obituary

Charles Giraudeau

The funeral took place on Tuesday in the last week of Charles Giraudeau, aged 20 years, a young French soldier who died on March 29th, from the effects of gas in the previous year.

He was the only son of Madame Giraudeau, who has for five years been on the staff of Clarendon Girls' School, North Malvern.

The service was held at Holly Mount Church, and was conducted by the Rev C F Perry, of the YMCA Birmingham. The coffin was borne by six returned prisoners of war, and was covered with the French flag, on which was placed a white satin cushion with the blue cap and decorations of the deceased.

Holly Mount URC

Holly Mount URC interior, 2016

There was a large attendance of friends. The hymns were 'Jerusalem on high', and 'The saints of God', and the organist (Miss Holland) played 'I waited for the Lord' (Mendlessohn), and other appropriate music. The mourners were Madame Giraudeau (mother), Mademoiselle Giraudeau (sister), the Misses Flint (of Clarendon), Mrs and Miss Pearson, Miss Muspratt, Miss Calthrop, Mrs Inchley, Mr and Mrs Morris.

Memorial to Charles GiraudeauThe internment was in Malvern Cemetery. The grave was lined with greenery, and after the committal sentences were said the 'Last Post' was sounded.

Wreaths were sent by Miss Barley; Miss Beeching; Lieut Colonel Bowen KC, and Mrs Bowen in memory of a gallant French Soldier; Miss Calthrop and Mrs Muspratt, to a soldier of France; a token of sincere sympathy, from friends at Holly Mount Church; the staff of Clarendon; Captain and Mrs Holden; Mrs Hulbert and family; Mademoiselle Julia; Mr and Mrs Lloyd Jones; Mr and Mrs Morris and family; Miss Smith; Miss Williams.

Messrs Gwynn and Sons carried out the funeral arrangements.

An Appreciation

A French friend writes of the deceased soldier as follows:

Hard by the hills of Malvern, under the delicate branches of a silver birch, lies a grave where the flowers have hardly faded. It is that of a young hero of twenty, who tasted the joy of his country's victory, and then gave his life as the result of his share in the gift. Of that famous 159th Regiment of the Alpine Infantry which by its feats of arms won the lanyard of the Cross-de-Guerre, Charles Giraudeau was surely the youngest, and at the dawn on the 29th March he gently laid down his head to rest, like a tired child in its mother's arms. They dressed him again in his sky blue uniform, and laid on his coffin the flag of his country, and on a cushion of whitest satin his blue cap and decorations. Six English soldiers bore him to his grave. He lies in foreign soil, but in a country well beloved, and his flag is with him yet, for the blue of hope, the white of purity, and the red of faith, and the love of that country for which he died, are still closely wrapped around him. At the end of the day – a quiet evening under an austere English sky – all was over, and nothing was left to us of what was once a soldier – rather famous, now renowned, the faithful servant of his daily duty. Nothing is left to those who are, and those who shall be, save the sacred memory, and the great example, of the boy of 20, who has joined the glorious company of those who for freedom's sake laid down their lives for France.


Segeant Anthony Francis Bower Brodribb

Headstone, AFB BrodribbOn the south western boundary of the cemetery are two Second World War graves.

One is inscribed:

R 65658 Sergeant

A F B Brodribb

Air Observer

Royal Canadian Air Force

1st September 1941

Age 23

He was the son of Francis Bower Brodribb, a civil engineer, born London, who had emigrated to Ontario, Canada with his wife Nellie Gwendolyn Morgan Brodribb.

AFB Brodribb attached to 99 Squadron Bomber Command at RAF Waterbeach in Cambridgshire was killed when his Vickers Wellington bomber crashed in a field in Suffolk after being attacked by a Junkers 88 night-fighter as it came in to land.

We wondered why a Canadian who crashed in Suffolk should be buried in Great Malvern cemetery, and the answer proved to be quite simple. His mother Nellie Gwendolyn Morgan had been born 1st August 1893 at St Winefrides in Wilton Road, Great Malvern, and perhaps it was his uncle Tom Higgins Cook Morgan or aunt Ruth Winefride Morgan who arranged his burial in Malvern, yards from the old family home.

Anthony was survived by his brothers Peter and Richard Bower Brodribb.


Sidney Charles Smith

Headstone, SC SmithThe inscription reads:

153072 Gunner

S C Smith

Royal Artillery

22nd February 1941

Aged 35

Greater love hath no man

Sidney was a member of 149 Battery, 27th Light Anti Aircraft Regiment.

We have not been able to find out anything about 149 Battery but wonder if the unit was then equipped with light machine guns to protect English airfields.

Sidney, born Malvern in 1905, was the son of Albert Smith and Harriett Stone of north Malvern. The 1911 census recorded Albert as an upholsterer of 6 Labernum Terrace, Newtown, Malvern.

Sidney was survived by his elder brothers Albert William, Christopher Ernest and Joseph Harold Smith, who lived to a good age. Joseph died at Woodside, Guarlford in 1960.


The MacDonald family

Not far away, there are two memorials to the MacDonald family.

MacDonald memorialThe first inscription reads:

In loving memory of

John Alexander MacDonald

Died 17th April 1948, aged 16

only son of the late

Major Alexander John MacDonald, RE

Killed in action on 28th May 1940

and buried at Comines

'These have entered before us into everlasting life'

Major, 894, Alexander John MacDonald, 59 Field Company, Royal Engineers, was probably killed in Belgium during the withdrawal of the British Army to Dunkirk. He was aged 39 years and mentioned in despatches.

Alexander was the son of Colonel Frederick Weston Peile MacDonald (1863 - 1955), formerly of the Indian Army, and of Edith Inez Macdonald (nee Powlett). Alexander  married Stella Constance Christian Stuart in 1929 and in addition to their son John they had a daughter Jean Constance Lucy MacDonald born 1929.

Stella was a descendant of Sir David Pollock who was appointed Chief Justice of Bombay in 1846 and knighted in the same year.

Stella's memorial is a tablet laid in the grass.

Memorial, Stella MacDonaldThe inscription reads:

Also of Mrs

Stella MacDonald

1900 - 1976

Wife, mother, and

General Practioner

 

We don't know the McDonalds' connection with Malvern but surmise Alexander's parents retired to Great Malvern and lived at 'Howards' in Avenue Road where his mother was living at the time of her death.

In 1957 Stella, with many others, was admitted to the Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem.


The Downes family

Headstone, Downes familyNot far away is a memorial to Thomas Frederick Downes (1885-1948), his wife Sarah (1884-1961) and their son William.

The inscription is worn away at the base but appears to read:

In loving memory of my dear husband

Thomas F Downes

Died March 17th 1948

Also our son William

Killed on active service

Died November 29th 1944

At rest

Faintly below is written:

Also Sarah wife of above

Died Nov 19th 1961

At rest

Thomas Frederick Downes married Sarah Batkin in 1907. In the 1911 census he is recorded as a publican and monger of Birmingham. They had two sons Thomas Frederick born 1908 and William Henry born 1913. At the time of his death Thomas was living at Lansdowne Close, on the north side of the cemetery.

At the outbreak of war in 1939, William married Esther Algava Seaborne and they lived at 101, Pickersleigh Road, Malvern.

The CWGC database records:

William Henry Downes, known as Bill

Gunner 1085753

88 Field Regiment Royal Artillery

Died 29th November 1944, aged 31 years

Commemorated Kachanaburi War Cemetery, Thailand

The inscription at the bottom of his memorial at Kachanaburi reads:

To the memory  of Bill, my beloved husband

God's greatest gift. Remembrance

During the Second world War, 88 (2nd West Lancashire) Field Regiment fought in France amd Belgium in 1939-40 before being posted to Malaya in 1941. They fought in the defence of Malaya against Japanese forces throughout 1941. Read more

They then withdrew and went on to see action in Singapore, where they were captured by the Japanese.

Sadly, William was just one of thousands of Allied POWs and others, who were treated very harshly by the Japanese, and died, far from home, building the Burma Railway.

Other Great War graves

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission records other burials which are listed below; the CWGC also recorded that:

Great Malvern cemetery originally belonged to the Malvern and Guarlford Joint Burials Committee. It was begun in 1861 and now covers more than 14 acres. A handwritten amendment records that from 1/4/1954 it came under Malvern UDC.

The cemetery is now managed by Malvern Town Council.

Alan Charles Lorraine Bate

Died of pneumonia at Winchester on 25 October 1918 aged 25 years. He was a Captain, Hants Bty, Royal Garrison Artillery, and had been stationed at Horse Sand Fort off Portsmouth.

 Alan was the son of glass merchant Arthur Thomas Bate (born Malvern Wells,1858-1941) and Alice Florine Maude Barker.

His mother Alice was the daughter of banker Christopher Dove Barker and Alice Gray Elmslie (1835-1918) who lived at a large mansion known as Radnor House in College Road, Great Malvern. The house is now one of the boarding houses of Malvern College public school.

Alan had married Frances Eva King in 1916; he was survived by his brother Leonard Robert Arthur Bate and a sister.

We have not located his headstone.

Thomas Bowley

Thomas Bowley, born at Malvern in 1868, and died of sickness in England on 27th December 1916 was a Driver, service number  '71800' based at the Royal Engineers' Wireless Training Centre at Worcester.

A veterans' website quotes:

We trained at Worcester and Morton on British field sets with a cat’s whisker receiver; there were no amplifiers in those days.

Little is said about 'Wireless' in WWI but it appears it did have a role to play; for example see this blog about sigint.

Strangely, Thomas does not have a CWGC headstone, but a civilian monument topped by a cross which has become detached and now lies behind the inscribed base. The inscription reads:

Loving Memory of Thomas Bowley,

Driver Royal Engineers

who died December 27th 1916

aged 42 years

Erected by his devoted Eva

Grave of Thomas Bowley

Thomas is thought to have been a Malvern man, the son of farm labourer William and Sarah Bowley. In 1891 he married Mary Ann Edgington. The 1911 census records that Thomas had been a jobbing gardener of 2 St Mary, Woodshears Road, Malvern, married 20 years with one daughter. Sadly his wife had died in 1912.

There are two mysteries about the inscription. Thomas was born in 1868, so in 1916 would have been 48; did he lie about his age in order to get into the army? Secondly, who was Eva who commissioned the headstone. Was she his fiancee and prospective second wife or was this the nickname of his only daughter, Frances Marion Elizabeth born 1894 who died at Worcester in 1980?

William CarvethGrave of William Carveth

The grave of William Carveth lies next to that of Kenneth Williams a few yards north east of the chapel and mortuary. The inscription on his headstone reads:

4492 Private

W. Carveth

Gloucestershire Regiment

29th May 1915

Possibly aged 21, he was killed in an accident on the railway at Malvern Wells where the Gloucestershires were attending a training camp at Peachfield Common.

His mother was Mrs John Carveth of Ontario, Canada.


Robert E Edwards

Grave of Robert EdwardsHis headstone reads:

19509 Private

R E Edwards

Gloucestershire Regiment

3rd May 1915

Died at Malvern aged 35 years. 13th Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment (Forest of Dean Pioneers).

We know little about him except that he was born at Llandudno, enlisted at West Hartlepool and his wife may have lived at 3 Provence Road, Bootle, Lancashire. He is listed on the Llandudno War Memorial.

Like William Carveth he may also have died from sickness or injury at the training camp on Peachfield Common.


Francis Joseph Harrison

His headstone reads:

830072 Gunner

F J Harrison

Royal Field Artillery

4th March 1916

Grave of Francis Joseph Harrison

It seems Francis was wounded on active service on several occasions and sadly took his own life on the railway at Winchester aged only 27 years.

He was a member of 4th Reserve Brigade, Royal Field Artillery.

Born 1890 and one of a large family, the 1911 census records that he was the son of bank clerk Richard Henry and Sarah Harrison then of Langham Villa, Barnards Green, Malvern, where new shops now stand recently occupied by Jane's Flower Box, and the Toy Corner.

After his father died in 1912, his mother Sarah moved to Barber's Hill now known as Wedderburn Road, off Pound Bank.

Aged 20, Francis had been an assistant attendant at Malvern College Gymnasium.

Henry Ernest Hetherington

The inscription on his headstone in the south west quadrant of the churchyard reads:

CH/12868 Private

H E Hetherington

Royal Marine Light Infantry

24th November 1919 age 47

Until the day break

Grave of Henry Ernest Hetherington

Henry was the son of musician Henry Ralph and Frances Hetherington, of Pimlico, London born on 8th Sep 1872.

He enlisted with the RMLI, Chatham Division on 8th October 1890.

The 1911 census records him on board HMS Vanguard, First Class Battleship, Portland Harbour, commanded by Captain John Bridges Eustace.

In 1901 at Alverstoke he married Lily Sabina Williams (1871 - 1937) and they had three daughters. Lily is later recorded at 14 Upper Chase Road, Great Malvern.

Edward Llewellyn

Died on 27th May 1917 aged 45 years. Private 33239, 10th Bn Welsh Regiment.

Edward Evan Llewellyn was born 1872, St Athan, Glamorganshire, Wales, the son of agricultural labourer Thomas and Mary Jenkins Llewellyn. He was one of a large family and in 1901 he was a coal miner.

We assume, he was injured and brought to Malvern to convalesce, where he died.

He was survived by his youngest brother Arthur William Llewellyn and other siblings. As his parents had died, his next of kin was recorded as his brother J Llewellyn of 61 Salisbury Rd, Barry, Glamorgan.

Headstone not located.


K Williams

Grave of Kenneth WilliamsThe inscription on his headstone reads:

153658 Gunner

K Williams

Royal Horse Artillery

23rd January 1917

He was attached to 'P' Battery, Royal Horse Artillery which may have been a home based training unit at Larkhill.

We have not been able to identify him in the census, but possibly this was Kenneth C Williams listed on the roll of the fallen in Christ Church, Avenue Road.

A manuscript CWGC document records that he was the son of Mrs E Williams of Hawthorn Lodge, Lower Wilton Road, Malvern.


Other Second World War Graves

Edwin John Sparks

Died on 16th April 1941 at Brentford, Middlesex aged 25 years. Private 7634996, Royal Army Ordnance Corps.

We think he was the son of butler Edwin and Alice Jane Sparks nee Dew, born Aldbourne, Wiltshire 1906.

Possibly his parents had moved to work in Great Malvern, as his mother died at Malvern in 1974.

Headstone not located.

Cumming Beynon Evans

Died at Malvern on 31st May 1942 aged 37 years. Corporal Home Guard 7th Worcestershire (Malvern) Bn. Son of bank accountant Frederic Whitfield and Mary Evans of the Gower, Glamorganshire.

He married Hilda Alexandra Ponder in 1937 and they lived at 4 Bello Squardo Mansions, Foley Terrace, St Ann's Road, Malvern, a Victorian Villa built on the site of an old chapel circa 1825. They had a two year old son.

Mick Wilks relates in his excellent book 'Chronicles of the Home Guard' (ref 7) that:

Corporal Evans collapsed while on Home-Guard manouvres at Blackmore Park. He was given first aid and taken home by car where he died soon afterwards; he had been employed as an accountant at the Midland Bank, Malvern and was a keen golfer.

He does not have a Commonwealth War Grave Commission headstone.

His elder brother Whitfeld David Evans died, not long after, at Derby in 1945, aged 44 years. In 1916 he had joined the London and North Western Railway aged 16 years. The London Gazette listed that he was a Flight Cadet made 2nd Lt Air Observer in 1918 and in 1928 he was made a Lt in the Royal Engineers Transport reserve. Passenger lists record him as an Engineer travelling to and from from Argentina in the 1930s.

Headstone not located.

Continue to page 3



References.

  1. The Times
  2. Great Malvern Victorian Cemetery, printed by Aspect Design 2013 (a booklet published by Malvern Civic Society).
  3. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
  4. Malvern in the Great War 1914, published 2014 by Malvern Museum, ISBN978-0-954-1520-6-2
  5. National Probate Calendar
  6. Commonwealth War Graves Commission website
  7. Wilks, Mick, Chronicles of the Worcester Home Guard, Logaston Press 2014, ISBN 978 1 906663 87 2
  8. Communication from Giles Smith, May 2016
  9. RAF Museum story vault archive, casualty card.
  10. Amersham Remembers, the men who gave their lives in the Great War

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