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Local history - 'George Paterson Yeats' (Victorian artist)

Contents

An exhibition of Victorian art

Yeats, George Paterson

Yeats, Nelly Hartnell

Gallery of other paintings by GP Yeats

An exhibition of Victorian art

In October 2016 an exhibition of Victorian Art, showing views of Malvern, was organised by local historian Brian Iles, in association with Malvern Library. This was part of the wonderful Autumn in Malvern Festival event, organised by Peter Smith. The exhibition was held in the north aisle of Great Malvern Priory, see photos below.

Amongst the watercolour pictures on display were some thirty or so painted by Victorian art teacher George Paterson Yeats, which were donated to Malvern Library (ML), by his son Malcolm, in 1927.

We suspect that these paintings had been in the possession of Yeats' youngest daughter Nelly and that when she died in 1927, her brother Malcolm gifted them to Malvern library.

Art exhibition in Malvern Priory

Art exhibition in Great Malvern Priory, October 2016

The pictures, mostly between A4 and A5 in size, were incredibly detailed giving a unique impression of Malvern in the late nineteenth century.

Below you will find some biographical details about George Paterson Yeats, plus a 'gallery' we have made in order to illustrate his work. It is hoped that, if you are interested to find out more, you will contact Malvern Library.

Yeats, George Paterson

George Paterson Yeats, born Aberdeenshire, Scotland, about 1823, was an author, artist, and teacher of drawing and painting. In 1855 he married Mary Ann Hartnell Bird at Old Swinford, Stourbridge, and they went on to have 7 children.

Wife's family

Yeats' wife, Mary, was the daughter of schoolmaster John Bird who had died at Hammersmith in 1848, aged only 43 years. She was one of nine children and was, we suspect, brought up in a Baptist household. Her youngest brother Benwell Bird (1841 - 1920) became a Baptist Minister as did her elder brother Samuel Bird (1829 - 1845), though Samuel later became a water-colour painter, possibly influenced by his brother in law Yeats.

We wondered if he was the 'Samuel C Bird' listed in the Dictionary of Victorian Painters thus:

Bird, Samuel C flourished 1865 - 1893

London painter of coastal and genre scenes, and dead game. Exhibited at the RA 1866 - 1883 and at the British Institution and RBA Suffolk Street. Titles at RA 'Who Killed Cock Robin' and 'The Many Twinkling Smile of Ocean' etc

Samuel's death was reported in The Times on Wednesday 20th February 1895 thus:

Bird on 18th Feb at 15 Sussex Villas, Kensington W, on his 66th birthday, SAMUEL BIRD. No cards. Funeral on Friday, 22nd inst, at Hanwell Cemetery, 3 pm.

Mary's sisters, Lavinia Augusta Bird (1836 - 1875), married schoolmaster Humphrey Hughes, and Elizabeth Horner Bird (1839 - 1903) married banker's clerk Thomas Spurrier; the latter couple emigrated from England to Canada, late in life, and died at Ontario.

More about GP Yeats

We know nothing of Yeats parents and first found him in the 1851 Scotland census when he was described as George Yeats, aged 27, born Fyvie, Aberdeen, Portrait Painter, lodging at 14 Howe Street in Edinburgh.

The 1861 census records him living in Love Lane, Upper Swinford, Stourbridge, occupation, Master of School of Arts; his wife's occupation was described as a school mistress. By 1871 he had moved to Severn Terrace, Tything, Worcester where the census records him as an Art Teacher. His watercolour paintings are detailed, and provide a lovely glimpse of Victorian Malvern.

Worcester Beacon

On the Herefordshire Beacon, 1889, by GP Yeats, source ML

We like to imagine that Yeats has painted himself into the picture above.

By 1881 he was living in Priory Road, Great Malvern, when his daughter Nelly was described as a flower painter. Just above Priory Road is Grange Road, which is pictured below.

Painting of Grange Road

Grange Road, Malvern, 1880, by GP Yeats, source ML

George and Mary's eldest son Joseph Ralph Raeburn Yeats became an engineer and emigrated from England to Australia. An Adelaide newspaper reported that on 26th November 1887 Joseph Ralph Raeburn Yeats married Alice Bertha Barker of Buxton Road, Adelaide. To quote:

South Australian Register, Adelaide, Tue 29 Nov 1887, Family Notice

YEATS—BARKER

On the 26th November, at the residence of the bride's parents, by the Rev Samuel Hebditch, Joseph Ralph Raeburn, eldest son of George Patterson Yeats, Esq, of Kildare, Worcestershire, England, to Alice Bertha, second daughter of James Barker Esq, Buxton Street, North Adelaide.

In 1875 Joseph had been apprenticed into the merchant navy, but deserted in San Francisco in 1877; that could explain why a Joseph Yeats had been in HM Prison Holloway in 1881.

Joseph and Alice's eldest son was born at Broken Hill in 1888, soon after the discovery of silver and the formation of the Broken Hill Mining Company, founded by the Syndicate of Seven.

Back in the UK, about 1889, George and his remaining family moved to a house named 'Kildare' in Manby Road. George's wife Mary was then described as a Superintendent of a Home. Also in the household were:

  • James G Howell, a visitor, clergyman without a benefice, aged 61

  • Edward H Robson, a patient, also a clergyman, aged 64

  • Elizabeth Tudge, a patient, aged only 26, living on own means

together with a housemaid, nurse, cook and kitchen-maid.

'Kildare' was not large by Malvern standards having only 8 rooms.

(Later the 1911 census records mechanical engineer William Parker-Brough living at Kildare who gave his occupation as a 'motor owner'; his wife Laura Westbrooke Squires had been born in Adelaide, South Australia. Their marriage was reported in an Adelaide newspaper:

Miss Laura Westbrooke Squires, second daughter of Mr William Herbert Squires, late of Adelaide, was married on July 31 1894 at St George's, Hanover Square, to Mr William Parker Brough, son of Mr William Bromfield Brough, of Enderley, Bromley, Kent, late of Alexandria, Egypt.

William's half brother Rev James Stanley Bromfield Brough  was a chaplain to the forces 1915 - 1917, who sadly died of pneumonia following influenza in 1918 aged only 40 years.)

Painting the Firs Estate

The Firs Estate, Malvern, by GP Yeats, source ML

We think the picture shown above relates to a piece of ground to the south of Malvern College on the edge of Peachfield Common, where we often walked our dog.

George Paterson Yeats is said to have published a book in 1884, The London Obelisk: a new translation of the hieroglyphic text; and another, Observations on the earthquake of December 17th, 1896 which was observed in Herefordshire and caused some damage to buildings.

At the time of Yeats' death in 1901 the family was living at Landsowne House in Madresfield Road.

The 1911 census records that youngest son George Malcolm Yeats (1869 - 1945), then living at Hucclecote on the outskirts of Gloucester, went on to become managing director of a refrigeration company. He must have painted as a young man, as the picture below was exhibited with his father's work. It shows the railway bridge on Link Common, under which you can walk today, but lacks the brilliance of his father's work.

Painting of Link Common

Link Common, by Malcolm Yeats, source ML


Yeats, Nelly Hartnell

George's youngest daughter has a brief entry in the Dictionary of Victorian Painters.

Yeats, Miss Nelly H

Exhibited 'Roses' at the RA. Address in Malvern, Worcestershire.

It seems probable that Nelly was taught by her father, and occupied herself by painting at home.

When her father died, her mother Mary took in boarders at Lansdowne House, which had 15 rooms, and when Mary died in 1908, Nelly in turn became a Boarding House Keeper; she may have continued to paint in her spare time.

Watercolour painter Nelly Hartnell Yeats died at Lansdowne House on 4th July 1927. Her executor was her maternal cousin, solicitor Clifford Henry Bird (1879 – 1960), who was the son of her uncle Rev Benwell Bird. Kelly's 1924 directory lists Clifford as –  clerk of the peace, clerk to the County Council and to the standing joint committee and county solicitor, Shire Hall, Foregate Street.

What of Nelly's other brothers and sisters?

David Osborne Yeats sadly died in 1874 aged only 14 years. Fanny emigrated from England to Australia where she married Albert Sharp in 1887. Harriet Spencer Yeats married Thomas Alexander Garrett; in 1911 they were living in Reigate when he described himself as an experimental physicist (shipping).

Gallery of other paintings by GP Yeats

Here is a 'virtual gallery' of other paintings by GP Yeats, from the Malvern Library collection, exhibited in Great Malvern Priory, during October 2016.

Painting

Bridge at Cradley, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Painting

Bransford church, 1879. by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Painting

Swan Pool, Malvern, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Painting

Maltster's Hall, Lower Barnards Green, 1885, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

The cottages shown above once stood east of the present Rose Cottage, roughly opposite the Green Dragon.

Painting

North End Farm, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Picture

Jubilee Bonfire, Worcestershire Beacon, Malvern 1887, by GP Yeats

Painting

Malvern from Sherrard's Green, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Painting

Link Common, East corner, 1888, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Painting

Unknown, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Can you tell us where the picturesque building shown above was, or is?

Painting

Hollybush Hill and Castlemorton Common, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Picture

Happy Valley, Great Malvern, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Painting

Herefordshire Beacon, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Painting

Hanley Castle Village, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Picture

Hanley Castle 1885, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Painting

Friar's Elm, Barnards Green, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Friar's Elm also known as the Old Elm once stood at the junction of Hall Green with the Guarlford Road, roughly where there is a horse trough now.

Painting

Terrace under Foley Walk, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Painting

Foley Walk, Great Malvern, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Painting

Davenham, 1889, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Painting

Clutter's Cave, British Camp, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Painting

On Castlemorton Common, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Painting

Castlemorton Common, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Picture

Ankerdine Hills from Cowleigh Road, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Picture

Little Malvern Church, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Picture

Mathon Church 1889, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Picture

Merryvale Farm, Hanley Castle, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Picture

On the Old Hills 1889, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library

Picture

Suckley Mill, by GP Yeats, courtesy of Malvern Library


Click to see our list of other Victorian painters and photographers


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References

  1. Worcester Artists 1790 - 1940, Index, Worcester Records Office
  2. Woods Christopher, Dictionary of British Art Vol IV, Victorian Painters, published 1995. Volume 1, 'The Text' ISBN 1 851491716
  3. England and Wales Census
  4. Kelly's and other Trade Directories of Worcestershire
  5. Wikipedia
  6. Indexes of births, marriages and deaths
  7. Exhibition of Victorian paintings at Great Malvern Priory, curator Brian Iles, October 2016