Local History - Great Malvern Priory and its churchyard
This page is mainly a repository for miscellaneous historical information we have collected about people with links to The Priory Church of St Mary and St Michael, the parish church of the town of Great Malvern. This page is not intended as a history of the Priory as you will find out much more about that elsewhere; nor is it a place to learn more about the ministry of the parish of Great Malvern today - you can find out more about that by either visiting the church in person or looking at the Great Malvern Priory website.
Recently we have added a description of the war memorial inside the church, plus photos of just a few of the monuments in the churchyard, and some stories about people who are buried there - but there are many more for local historians to explore.
Great Malvern Priory was built as a monastery circa 1100 AD. Following the dissolution of the monasteries by Henry VIII the building was acquired by the townspeople about 1540 and became the parish church of Great Malvern replacing the old church of St Thomas which stood on the site of the present Post Office.
Great Malvern Priory (see photo below) is a popular attraction for visitors. Services, musical and other events are well attended.
We visited on Saturday 13th July 2013 on the occasion of a Flower Festival, celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Malvern Floral Art Club, the money raised to be divided between Great Malvern Priory and the Friends of Malvern Community Hospital. The Festival was called 'Golden Fanfare'. The photo below was taken from the back of the nave looking towards the altar.
Behind the Apse is a plaque in memory of John Rashdall who was vicar from about 1850 to 1856. The plaque is mentioned in the book 'The Water Doctor's Daughters' (ref 1) in which it is said Revd John Rashdall came to Malvern partly to help look after the children of his sister Lucy Frances Marsden, after their mother's death in 1847.
The Custos was able to direct us to the brass plaque high up on the rear wall of the Apse behind the altar (see photo opposite).
The inscription on the plaque reads,
In memory of Revd John Rashdall MA vicar of this church from 1851 to 1856, during which time the tower was restored and the district church of Holy Trinity Great Malvern was built. He died at Dawlish February 5th 1869 in the 60th year of his age.
John Rashdall was the father of Oxford theologian Hastings Rashdall.
The building of Holy Trinity in North Malvern was expedited by a large donation from local benefactor Charles Morris and his sister Jane, who lived on the Worcester Road.
William Bennett Garlike was a physician who moved to Malvern from Marlborough about 1823. He lived at Melton House on the Wells/Worcester Road which is recorded on the Foley Estate Map of 1828. He is said to have taken flowers to the Duchess of Kent and Princess Victoria when they visited Malvern in 1830 (ref 2).
His only daughter Mary Garlike is buried in the churchyard of St Mary Guarlford where the monumental inscription mentions that her parents were buried in a vault at Great Malvern Priory.
The Custos was also able to direct us to a tablet on the north wall of the Priory.
The tablet is difficult to read now, as the lettering is fading in parts, but here is what the inscription says:
Note: Lydia Garlike died 25 January 1835 aged 77 and in our Bible the quotation from Psalms is verse 13. Her husband William Bennet Garlike, Physician, was listed in in Pigot's Directory of 1828.
There is also a black ledgerstone at the east end of the south aisle of the Priory. It reads,
Dr Garlike's vault 1835
The ledgerstone would originally have marked the position of the vault, near the tablet, but many were moved in Victorian times.
We were told by the Custos that burials within the Priory were discontinued about 1851.
Inside the Priory, at the rear of St Anne's chapel, in the south-east corner of the church, is a memorial to Thomas Woodyatt, a naval officer who died in 1841, and his wife Harriet.
The inscription reads,
Sacred to the memory of Thomas Woodyatt Esquire of Holly Mount in this parish late a lieutenant in the Royal Navy, eldest surviving son of George Woodyatt of Worcester MD (who was senior physician Worcester Infirmary) by Hannah his wife, one of the daughters of Thomas Freeman of Suckley in this county Esquire. At an early age he entered the navy in which for sixteen years he was employed in active and varied service until the close of the war. Endued with talents of no common order and of a disposition naturally ardent and liberal, he was foremost in promoting every scheme of utility and improvement which could contribute to the welfare or ornament of his neighbourhood. Warm hearted generous and sincere and free in a remarkable degree from the bane of selfishness he spared not himself so that he might serve and profit others. He married in 1818 Harriet the youngest daughter of Michael Biddulph Esquire of Ledbury in the county of Hereford and Copton Hall in this county by whom he had no issue. He died greatly lamented on the 6th day of June 1841 in the 50th year of his age and his remains were by his own desire interred in the adjoining churchyard. This memorial of affection was erected by his surviving widow who in much sorrow dedicates this marble to record her own bereavement and her husband's worth.
His widow died on the 31st January 1863 in her 88th year and was buried in the same vault.
On a pillar of the north aisle is a tablet in memory of James Dyson Perrins of the Worcestershire Sauce family, and others.
The tablet reads:
TO THE GLORY OF GOD
This tablet commemorates the thanksgivings of the inhabitants and others in the Jubilee year of Queen Victoria.
The bells, the belfry, the clock and quarter chimes were restored by their thankofferings.
The new tenor and fourth bells were given by Ellen Mary Dixey in memory of her father James Dyson Perrins, Davenham Bank, Malvern.
The new treble bell was the gift of Edward Archer, Littleford Lodge, Malvern, and this tablet was the given by William Hayes, Newtown House, Malvern, 1887.
In more recent times, Ellen Mary Dixey's grandaughter, Mary Dixey, was another supporter of the Priory, and started the bookshop.
Inside the church porch are the clappers of the old bells.
The inscription reads:
The clappers of the old ring....
Our duty done in belfry high,
now voiceless tongues at rest we lie.
Preserved by Edward Archer 1887.
Above the clappers are the words, Belfry, Oak, 1611.
Wine merchant Edward Archer lived in Graham Road at Littleford Lodge, which is now the Cotford Hotel. His father hotel keeper John Archer once owned the Foley and Abbey hotels.
The War Memorial is located inconspicuously in the northwest corner of the church opposite the main door.
The inscription in the centre reads:
At the base is an inscription, and below are listed the names of the fallen of the Great War, 1914 - 1919
Remember with thanksgiving the men of Gt Malvern
Donald Harry Acworth MC
John Arden Acworth
William Thomas Banford
Frederick Edward Bruton
Cyril Frederick Crapp
William Jabez Evans
Stanley Colt Faber
Cyril Henry Rowland Foxwell
Horace Boddington Gibbs
Mornington George Giles
William George John Heath
Malcolm Hutchinson House
Alban John Benedict Hudson MC
Ernest Henry Huntingdon
Robert Hastings Kendle
Albert Francis Gerald Lambert
Joseph Albert Layland
Douglas Cecil Leek
Percy Arnold Lloyd-Jones DSO
Eric James Bethune MacKenzie
Keith Bethune MacKenzie
Ronald Charles Wybrow Morgan
Frank Bailey Perkins
Charles Edwin Preece
Victor William Price
John Yate Robinson MC
Henry Ellis Robinson
Ernest Wilmot Scalion
James Frederick Spillsbury
Humphrey Nisbet Swan
Reginald Paul Thompson
Walter John Tipton
Edgar William Venner
William John Walker
Harry Martin Windsor
Richard Hartland Woods
Charles Gilbert Andree Wylde
And others who worshipped in this church
You can find stories about many of the men above on the Malvern Remembers website.
Above is a small tablet recording the fallen of the 1939 - 1945 war.
Henry Brooks Brown
Stanley Hudson Burley
Philip John Lancaster Crook
Paul Nelson Dobie
Vernon Richard Mason
David Henry Milward
Anthony Irving Phelps
Charles Jack Pitchford
James John Taaffe
John Cedric Rowland Type
Philip Mascie Domville Wynter
Peter Norman Walker
Peter Harold Wheelock
On the external east wall of the Priory is a terracotta plaque listing men of the Great War.
The inscription reads:
Temporary wooden crosses from the First World War graves of these soldiers stood here for many years from 1922
Everard Ferguson Calthrop
Richard Hartland Woods
Ernest Henry Huntington
Humphry Nisbet Swann
John Lancelot Walmsley Stock
James Mulock Thompson Stock
Charles Gilbert Andree Wylde
Frank Bailey Perkins
Stanley Colt Faber
John Arden Acworth
Douglas Harry Acworth
We will remember them
Many of these men are also recorded on the Roll of the Fallen at the library.
As you enter the church, on the west wall, to your right, can be seen a board listing past Vicars of Malvern - see photo below.
We occasionally walk through the churchyard (see photo below), up to Belle Vue Terrace, while out shopping in Great Malvern, but until recently have given little thought to the monuments and inscriptions. It looks as though most burials ceased many years ago, though there are a few as late as 1920. Many of the inscriptions have weathered and are now barely legible.
We had not come across any on-line records of burials in the Priory churchyard up until August 2013 when we came across the gravestonephotos.com website which at that time listed 100 memorials.
Below is a record of the memorials we have investigated both for this website and the Guarlford History Group.
As you walk up Church Street you will see a large box tomb on the NW corner of the churchyard, and we wondered if it was the burial place of a famous or prominent Malvern citizen.
The inscription on the monument reads:
According to the census Eliza was born Portsmouth about 1814 and her husband was born Tinsley, Yorkshire, about 1814. There is no evidence of the family living in Malvern, so we wonder if she had been ill and came to Malvern for the 'water cure'.
The 1851 census records the family at Warnsworth in Yorkshire and George's occupation as - occupier of limestone quarries, lime burner, and farmer of 50 acres employing 3 labourers.
Later he is recorded living in the district of Tollington Park in London and giving his occupation as,
Railway shares, houses and land.
Eliza and George had five children, William George Blagden, Thomas Blagden, Eliza Blagden, Joseph Blagden, and Charles Washington Blagden, at least one of whom was a limestone merchant.
A little lower down the slope is the box tomb of John Archer who was a Victorian hotel keeper - he once owned both the Foley and Abbey hotels and his youngest son Edward owned a Wine Merchant business between the Foley and the present Barclays bank.
Panels on the monument also record the deaths of John's wife Lucy and six of their seven children.
The inscriptions on the monument read:
John and Lucy's eldest daughter Emma married hotel-keeper Frederick St George. Emma's name cannot be seen on the monument, but the death of her eldest daughter Alice may possibly be recorded on the west face, which is now overgrown by foliage.
Alice Lucy Blanche St George, grand daughter of John Archer, died 11th January 1864 aged 19 years and was buried in the churchyard of Great Malvern Priory on the 15th.
Lower down the slope, beneath trees, towards the tarmac footpath is a small headstone (see photo below taken in August 2013).
The inscription reads:
Anne Elizabeth Darwin
Born March 2 1841
Died April 23 1851
A dear and good child
Anne was the daughter of Charles Darwin author of Origin of the Species. He had brought her to Malvern to see if her failing health could be improved by the water cure (ref 3 and 4) but it was not to be.
Lucy Frances Marsden died in childbirth at Malvern in 1847 and is buried in the churchyard of Great Malvern Priory (see photo of the inscription on the gravestone below).
She was the wife of water cure doctor James Loftus Marsden MD who had built Hardwicke House and Elmsdale in Abbey Road. Lucy's maiden name was Rashdall (click to read about her brother John Rashdall above).
Her eldest daughter Lucy Harriett Marsden who died in 1853 is buried with her.
The inscription, which has lately been highlighted in silver/grey paint, reads:
Holes in the surrounding slab suggest the grave may once have been protected by iron railings.
Lucy's husband Doctor James Loftus Marsden, an exponent and practicioner of Homeopathy and the Water Cure, married twice more and died at Elmswood, Ashburnham Road, Hastings on 6th February 1891. He was buried in Hastings Cemetery on 12th February next to his daughter Rosa Sydney Marsden who had died at St Leonards in 1877 aged only 34 years from an overdose of medicine. Sadly, Lucy's husband has no memorial, other than the initials JLM and the words 'Jesus only' added to their daughter Rosa's headstone.
Nearby, about 10 yards to the east, is a monument bearing the words 'The Mason Family Vault' (see photo below).
There are no names on the monument, but no doubt these will be contained in the Priory records.
Circa 1782 the Mason family inherited a large parcel of land known as the Nether Grange Estate surrounding Great Malvern Priory. This passed to an Oliver Mason (1787 - 1871) who in the 1840s sold plots of land for housing and Dr James Wilson's hydropathic establishment, now known as Park View.
Possibly this is the resting place of Oliver Mason.
Oliver Mason's sister Mary married the Reverend Edward Palmer vicar of St John the Baptist, Deritend in Birmingham. They are buried ten yards further on towards the church porch with other members of the extended Mason family.
The photograph below highlights the inscription at the top which, though weathered, is still legible.
The memorial reads:
The photograph below shows the lower portion of Edward Palmer's memorial containing the names of the Mason family.
Immediately to the north of Edward Palmer's grave is the resting place of Edward Webb (1805-1854), a landscape watercolour painter and steel engraver, who died at Malvern. He studied under the engraver John Pye and later with Copley Fielding and David Cox RWS, the elder, (1783-1859) a famous member of the Birmingham School of Landscape Painters.
Edward made many English and French tours, and visited Scotland in 1834 and Wales in 1837 and 1840 with David Cox's son who was also a painter. The son also named David Cox AWRS (1809 - 1885) studied under his father and often imitated his style.
The photograph below shows Edward Webb's memorial topped by a cross; also in the picture is the grave of Rev Edward Palmer mentioned above.
The inscription on the top of the tomb is very worn now, but reads on one side:
Edward Webb who died 9th October 1854 aged 49 years
The other side reads:
Edward Webb of Park Hill House, Clapham, Surrey
At the foot of the tomb has been added:
Father of Sir Aston Webb PRA who died August 21st 1930
and E Alfred Webb FSA who died July 23rd 1939
See photo below.
Edward was the son of Charles Tarr Webb (1774-1849) and Ann Aston. His father Charles is recorded as a Gold Lace maker of 48 Picadilly in the parish of St James, Westminster. It seems likely his business was concerned with embellishing military uniforms.
Charles will indicates he owned several properties and his children included Charles Tarr 'junior', John, Edward (buried at Great Malvern), William, and Richard who died before his father leaving a widow. An executor was George Webb Sandford (1813-1892) of 47 Picadilly, who became President of the Pharmaceutical Society 1863-1868.
Charles Tarr (junior 1797-1862) carried on the family business of his father. At the time of his death he is recorded as a Gold Lace Manufacturer of 23 Bond Street, with a house at Hoddesdon in Hertfordshire. He is said to have become very wealthy through supplying the military during the Crimean War. A pattern book indicates his business:
Edward's brother John was a collector of fine art and an adviser to the Victoria and Albert museum. His obituary was published in the London Times on 21st June 1880.
Perhaps it is not surprising, given this background, that Edward became a landscape painter.
In 1844 Edward married Anna Evans, daughter of drug merchant John Evans at St Bartholomews in London. Sadly not long after Anna died at Versailles in France on 17th October 1850.
Edward and Anna's two surviving sons were Aston Webb who become a famous architect and his brother Edward Alfred Webb who wrote a history of St Bartholomews and is listed in the census as a wholesale druggist. Nowaydays he would be described as a 'pharmaceutical supplier'. Aston Webb was elected President of the Royal Academy 1919-1924. His many designs included Admiralty Arch and the Victoria Law Courts in Birmingham. The initials after the name of his brother Edward Alfred Webb suggest he was a Fellow of the Society of Apothecaries.
In Great Malvern churchyard are buried two sisters, the daughters of Charlotte and Revd James Mainguy.
The inscription on the headstone reads,
Sacred to the memory of
third daughter of the Revd James Mainguy and Charlotte his wife
who died May 25th 1857, aged 21 years
Thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory,
through our Lord Jesus Christ
I Cor XV 17
Georgina Elizabeth her sister
who died Oct 13th 1858, aged 20 years
Being justified by faith we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ
Romans V 15
Not many people know that Charlotte's three younger sisters are buried not far away in the churchyard of St Mary Guarlford, which was once a chapel of ease under the jurisdiction of Great Malvern Priory.
Charlotte and her sisters were the daughters of Major General William Henry Beckwith. William's father and brothers had distinguished military careers and two are listed in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Charlotte's son Daniel Wishart Mainguy emigrated to Canada and became a farmer. In 1884 he married Mary Elizabeth Fry. He died 1906, Vancouver Island, British Columbia (ref 8). One source suggests that Daniel and Mary were the parents of Edmund Rollo Mainguy OBE (1901-1979). Rollo joined the Royal Canadian Navy and became a Vice Admiral. He graduated from the Naval College of Canada in 1918. During WWII he served in Destroyers. In 1946, he was Flag Officer Pacific Coast. He was appointed Chief of Naval Staff in 1951 and retired in 1956.
As far as we know the Beckwith and Mainguy families had no connection with Malvern, so perhaps they first visited Malvern for health reasons and the water cure, later some retiring to Malvern in old age.
Just south of the memorial to the Fancourt sisters is the headstone of Mary Moore.
The inscription on the headstone reads,
The resting place of the mortal remains of Mary,
wife of James Moore (of Liverpool)
Born at Knowsley 8th Oct 1819
Died at Malvern 19th May 1859
For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. I Thess 4.14
Mary Moore, maiden name Statter, had married, 14th May 1840 at Huyton Church, James Moore.
James Moore, a merchant in Liverpool, was born 1804 in the Isle of Man and died 1886 at Cheltenham. His brother Joseph Christian Moore, died 1886, became Rector of Andreas in 1844 and later Archdeacon of the Isle of Man.
Family of Mary Moore
Mary's sister Margaret married, 1845 at Huyton, Revd John Jackson MA (1817 - 1891), educated St John's College Cambridge, who in 1851 was vicar of Dodderhill, Droitwich. Soon after he seems to have become Rector of Fulletby in Lincolnshire, before becoming Rector of Ledbury circa 1861 until his death in 1891. John and Margaret had only one son John Alcomb Jackson, a trainee solicitor, who sadly died at Ledbury in 1873 aged only 19 years; he is buried in Malvern Cemetery.
Mary's sister Elizabeth married a Cotton Broker, James William Thompson, who died at Seafield House, Chester in 1885. They had one daughter Mary Emily Thompson (1862 - 1931).
Mary and James Moore were reported as having seven children, in a history of Manx families, but we have found evidence of only four in the census:-
Elizabeth Moore born 1841 at Huyton, married 1862, Henry Stockley, an insurance adjustor who died in 1873, by whom she had three children.
Robert Statter Moore (1843 - 1889) married 1881, Mary Rachel Reid; they had no issue.
Emily Margaret Moore (1845 - 1921) married 1865, Henry Christian, the son of a banker, born Valetta, Malta, who was a naval officer and a Member of the Victorian Order (MVO). He died at Heighthorne, The Park, Cheltenham in 1916, a retired rear-admiral in the Royal Navy, who was Chief Constable for Gloucestershire from 1865 to 1910. There is a memorial to Henry in Gloucester Cathedral. Click here for a photo. Emily died at Witcombe Park in Gloucestershire in 1921.
Henry Edvardus (or Edward) Moore born about 1850 at Huyton married 1877, Harriet Smith. They spent some time in New York, where their daughter Mary Gertrude Moore was born in 1879, before returning to England. In the 1911 census he is recorded as a farm manager at Little Compton, Pershore.
If you are able to correct or add to this page please get in touch by contacting the webmaster
Last updated 25th January 2017