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 Health and Safety



Safety in the Home

It is a good idea to walk round your home occasionally with a view to identifying potential hazards and eliminating them. Below you will find some tips on keeping safe.

(Internet related and social issues might also need to be considered but are not addressed here).

Overview

It is a sad fact that most people are more likely to be killed or injured at home than at work. Every year, according to ROSPA, in the UK almost 4,000 people die in accidents in the home and 2.7 million turn up at accident and emergency departments seeking treatment.  Many of these are young children and old people. Many minor accidents are probably never reported.

 Accidents happen when,

  • you don't think about what might go wrong, or 

  • you are in unfamiliar surroundings and unaware of hazards, or

  •  you are rushing or get distracted.

The pain and misery caused by accidents can be reduced by spending a little time thinking about potential hazards and taking steps to reduce or eliminate the danger in your home.

Some hazards are listed below to help you get started.

At the end are some links to where further information can be found.

Hazards

Slips, trips and falls (mainly affect the young and old)

  • Do not work from ladders, they should be used only as a means of access

  • Keep stairs clear of children's toys, shoes etc and consider stair gates.

  • Stairs should have a handrail and not be used as a storage area.

  • Consider fitting stops on windows to prevent small children  falling out, but don't block escape routes

  • Wear shoes with good grips, particularly in icy weather

  • Know where torches are kept so if the power goes off you can find your way about

Fire

Be aware once started fires can burn out of control very rapidly. Your first thought should be to preserve life. Unless the fire is trivial, get everyone out, stay out and call the fire brigade.

Fire enginePossible causes of fire include,

  • Chip pans left unattended

  • Children playing with matches

  • Old, ill, drugged, or drunken person falling asleep and dropping cigarette end onto furnishings.

  • Lighted candles

  • Clothes left to dry in front of an unguarded fire

  • Bonfires getting out of control

  • Arson

The best thing is to eliminate the danger such as throw out the chip pan and buy oven chips, keep matches and lighters out of reach of children, and ban smoking indoors.

A lid, fire blanket or dampened tea towel can be used to deal with pan fires caused by hot fat.

Dry powder extinguishers can be used on small fires, but be aware the powder gets everywhere and creates a lot of mess.

If electrical equipment starts smoking, turn it off and unplug it.

A smoke alarm should be fitted to warn of any fire while the family is asleep in bed.

All the family should be taught what to do in the event of a fire or emergency.

When away on holiday or business you should always familiarise yourself with the escape route before going to bed.

Poisoning

Read labels and store kitchen cleaners etc out of reach of small children.

Keep medicines out of reach.

Store and prepare food safely - to avoid food poisoning.

Have gas fires and boilers checked annually to prevent carbon monoxide poisoning.

Do not store substances in unlabelled container such  as  lemonade bottles.

Burns and Scalds

Take measures to prevent small children touching hot surfaces or pulling pans, irons or kettles down on themselves eg use pans on back of stove and keep leads short. Run cold water before hot.

Cuts

Take care when using knives, scissors, razors and opening square cans and keep sharp objects away from small children.

Take care when using cutting tools such as hand saws, circular saws, chainsaws, power planers, chisels, shears and hedge trimmers, in order to protect yourself, your children, your neighbours and your pets.

Make sure a circular saw has stopped rotating before it is put down!

Backstrain

Lift only what you feel capable of. Keep back straight and bend knees.

Be aware bending, lifting, and twisting to put your child in the car is a good way to put your back out!

If your children have to carry a heavy bag to school, equip them with a backpack which will spread the load over both shoulders.

Electric Shock

Some possible causes include,

  • Damaging cable with hedge trimmer or lawn mower

  • Sticking finger in socket when changing light bulb

  • Forgetting to isolate DIY job from supply

  • Loose plug connections  and frayed cable

  • Inquisitive children poking sockets or cutting cable

Use of a  plug in Residual Current Circuit Breaker (RCCB) will significantly reduce the risk of death.

Wearing rubber soled shoes, standing on a rubber mat, and keeping  left hand behind back might be appropriate for some hobbies?

Crush

Possible causes include,

  • Children climbing on top of furniture which falls on top of them

  • Shutting car door on children's fingers

  • Child's fingers trapped in hinge of door

  • Car falling off jack or poorly maintained hydraulic jack gradually lowering onto person underneath

  • Heavy object dropped onto toe or foot

When digging in the garden take care not to put fork through foot!

Eye Damage or Irritation

May be caused by,

  • Chemicals flicked into the eye

  • Jet washer

  • Looking at the sun through a telescope or binoculars

  • Brushing past twigs or branches

  • Swarf from electric drill

  • Debris from angle grinder

  • Disturbed grit falling into eye when working under car

  • Debris from hedge-trimmer, brush cutter or shredder

Your eyes are your most valuable asset. When appropriate,

keep windows shut when driving off road;

either wear a visor or safety glasses when using power tools.

General Tips

Look for safety symbols on packaging and carefully follow instructions.

Harmful or IrritantHighly flammable

Don't wear a scarf or tie when working with rotating machinery.

Remember the electric fan of some cars can start even when the engine is switched off.

Take care to keep feet and fingers away from the blade of rotary mowers. Ideally wear safety shoes or boots with a strong toecap.

Hearing protection - when appropriate wear ear muffs or plugs

Respiratory protection - wear a dust mask eg when sawing MDF.

(note these are rated FP1 to FP3, the latter giving better protection)

It is a good idea to wear leather gloves to avoid scratches and skinned knuckles.

Wear nitrile gloves to protect hands from used engine oil, petrol diesel and grease.

Blue nitrile glovesThese also can protect your hands while painting and decorating, handling household chemicals and working on the car. For light work, we can recommend Kimberly-Clarke, KleenGuard G10 powder free, blue  nitrile gloves.

These provide better protection from oil and petrol than cheap plastic gloves, allow a good measure of manual dexterity, and are not lubricated with powder that might irritate the skin.


The cost is about 20 for a box of 200 and the gloves can be obtained by mail order from Choice Stationery, RS and other suppliers. Note these particular gloves cover the hand but not the wrist.

Wear long PVC gloves when clearing drains.

Bump caps can provide useful protection from minor knocks when working at home. See link for an example sold by RS,

First base safety baseball cap

After washing hands apply a drop of E45 Lotion from pump dispenser to restore greases washed from skin. This is particularly useful if you suffer from dry skin.

Step stool and kitchen steps; click for larger imageWhen items in the kitchen are too high to reach it's better to stand on a step stool or small set of steps than a chair.  Short people will find a step stool invaluable for gaining access to cupboards above work surfaces. Steps can be very useful for reaching the top of cupboards or a fuse box. Better ones have a wide tread and a grab rail.

Folding aluminium work platforms also known as  Hop-Ups and Step-Stools, can be handy for cleaning the roof of the car, decorating and DIY jobs. These can be purchased locally from Argos, B&Q, Handyman House and builders' merchants such as Travis Perkins These are typically 80 cm wide but many are quite narrow; typically only 30 cm deep. This will be adequate for many tasks and makes them light to carry and easy to stow. 

Youngman Oddjob 600 Step Stool; click for larger image

However wider versions are available such as the Youngman Oddjob 600, pictured, which is 600 mm square and obtainable from Midland Ladders and Machine Mart (see photo right).

This can be purchased with either aluminium legs or insulated GRP legs (for electrical work). Bear in mind however the wider version is more cumbersome and expensive.


Summary of Advice for Parents

Children are very inquisitive and unaware of danger. They climb on things so if cupboards are liable to tip over they should be attached to the wall.

Pills, medicines, kitchen cleaners etc should be stored out of reach.

Older children are fascinated by matches, so if you don't want your home damaged or burnt down hide them away or at least brief children on hazards.

Where possible use only the back rings of cookers and position pan handles away from little hands. Keep the leads of kettles short so that toddlers can't pull scalding water on top of themselves.

To avoid scalds turn the hot water thermostat down to about 65 deg C and put cold water into the bath first.

Look to see where children's fingers are before shutting doors.

Children should not be wrapped in cotton wool - when old enough, explain dangers to them and how to avoid them.

Useful Links

Safety advice from Hereford and Worcester Fire and Rescue Service

London Fire Brigade advice

There were some other helpfull web pages, but lately these have been removed -  perhaps to avoid the possibility of liturgation. A lot of advice is now lengthy and verbose so we have not included it here.

Please email suggestions for improvements to this page to the webmaster.

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